Running VLC in XFCE

As you may know I am using KDE for my daily work. However, I use XFCE from time to time – for example when I have to run a remote X session over XDMCP and want to keep a fluid feel to the desktop.

When I was working in XFCE yesterday I wanted to use VLC to check a video file on my computer, and I was in for a surprise when clicking “Media > Open file” made my VLC hang indefinitely!

I remembered a discussion about this phenomenon on LinuxQuestions.org and indeed the solution as pointed out in that thread works for me.

What happens here?

The core of the issue, is that Qt4 makes an incorrect assumption about which GTK+ theme engine to use. A GTK+ theme engine makes a Qt4 application blend in nicely with a GTK+ based desktop environment such as XFCE, by using GTK+ instead of Qt4 to render all graphical components.

There are a few GTK+ theme engines available – one of them is QGtkStyle which is part of Qt4 in Slackware. However, Qt4 libraries look at the environment variable “GTK2_RC_FILES” in order to find out how to configure the GTK theme engine.

If this environment variable is not (or incorrectly) set, then Qt4 assumes that GTK+ is using GTK-QT-Engine which is not part of Slackware (GTK-QT-Engine is used to give GTK appplications a Qt feel when they are running in KDE) and it will not correctly apply the QGtkStyle engine. It sets QGtkStyle to use the GTK style Clearlooks, and outputs an error message which you will sometimes be able to see if you started a Qt-based application from a terminal:

QGtkStyle cannot be used together with the GTK_Qt engine.

This can be solved by explicitly telling Qt4 where Slackware keeps its GTK+ configuration files, and then making sure a GTK+ theme is configured there.

  • Define the environment variable “GTK2_RC_FILES” in one of these files: ${HOME}/.xinitrc (applies to just you) or in /etc/profile.d/qt4.sh (applies system-wide) by adding the follwing two lines to that file (assuming you are using bash as your default shell):
    GTK2_RC_FILES="$HOME/.gtkrc-2.0:/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
    export GTK2_RC_FILES
  • Create a new file (or edit the existing) ${HOME}/.gtkrc-2.0 (so that the GTK theme applies to just you) or /etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc (so that it applies system-wide) and add the following line to it:
    gtk-theme-name="GTK+"

That should fix VLC’s “Media > File Open” dialog which will now appear instantly.

Note: You can choose a GTK+ theme for all your QT4 based applications if you want by running “qtconfig” and in the tab “Appearance” set the “Select GUI Style” to “GTK+” instead of “Desktop Settings (default)“.

Eric

GTK2_RC_FILES

18 thoughts on “Running VLC in XFCE




  1. Hi Eric. I got this message while installing the i486 slackbuild of tigervnc: “install/doinst.sh: line 12: warning: here-document at line 7 delimited by end-of-file (wanted EOT’)”



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  3. cat .xinitrc
    GTK2_RC_FILES=”$HOME/.gtkrc-2.0:/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc”
    export GTK2_RC_FILES

    cat .gtkrc-2.0
    gtk-theme-name=”GTK+”

    Still doesn’t work (i. e., vlc hangs on open file in xfce). I also tried sh .xinitrc before running vlc (it is executable, but just in case…).


  4. It seems to work though, if I put the .xinitrc stuff in /etc/profile.d/qt4.sh (and I also chose GTK+ in vlc, that might have helped too). Thanks!




  5. Okay, we’ve put things back in the “right” places now.
    /etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc is *the* location now, and we don’t set GTK2RC_FILES in the profile scripts, and everything should still work just fine now.


  6. I’m running Slackware 13.1 with Openbox as WM (no KDE installed). Tried to setup QGtkStyle to use GTK themes but without success.
    Adding export GTK2_RC_FILES=”$HOME/.gtkrc-2.0″ to ~/.profile don’t help, I always get “QGtkStyle was unable to detect the current GTK+ theme.”


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  11. If you startx using .xinitrc, then you have to add the above fix before the startx:
    cat .xinitrc
    GTK2_RC_FILES=”/home/penguin/.gtkrc-2.0″
    export GTK2_RC_FILES
    exec ck-launch-session startxfce4


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