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Pine is a nice but powerful console mail client, and just like GPG, it is available on many Linux and Unix based computers. It is not hard to make Pine read and send GPG-encrypted or -signed messages. Several tools are available that glue gpg and pine together, and I use Pine Privacy Guard (PPG). This is a small Perl script that does all the hard interfacing work.
- Install Pine Privacy Guard on your computer:
wget http://quantumlab.net/pine_privacy_guard/pinepg-1.02.tgz tar -C /usr/local -zxvf pinepg-1.02.tgz cd /usr/local/ chown -R root:root /usr/local/pinepg-1.02 ln -s pinepg-1.02 pinepg chmod 755 /usr/local/pinepg/pine_privacy_guard.pl
If you install PPG in another place than
/usr/local/pinepg, make certain that you adapt the pathnames that are used further down in the Pine configuration.
- Uncomment the line
~/.gnupg/gpg.conffile to encrypt to self so you can are able read your own encrypted sent messages later on:
#default-key 0xYourKeyID default-recipient-self
- Configure Pine's display-filters and sending-filters
either edit your
~/.pinercdirectly and make sure that the relevant bits look like this:
# This variable takes a list of programs that message text is piped into # after MIME decoding, prior to display. display-filters=_LEADING("-----BEGIN PGP MESSAGE-----")_ /usr/local/pinepg/decrypt _RESULTFILE_ _DATAFILE_ _PREPENDKEY_, _LEADING("-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----")_ /usr/local/pinepg/verify _TMPFILE_ _RESULTFILE_ # This defines a program that message text is piped into before MIME # encoding, prior to sending sending-filters=/usr/local/pinepg/clearsign _RESULTFILE_ _DATAFILE_ _PREPENDKEY_, /usr/local/pinepg/encrypt _RECIPIENTS_ _RESULTFILE_ _DATAFILE_ _PREPENDKEY_
or configure this from within Pine: (Setup > Config > Whereis >
display-filtersand add the two values shown above. Same for
- (Optionally - looks cool) add these custom X-Headers to each email you send with pine:
# Add these customized headers (and possible default values) when composing customized-hdrs=X-GPG-PUBLIC_KEY: http://pgp.mit.edu:11371/pks/lookup?op=get&search=0xA75CBDA0, X-GPG-FINGRPRINT: F2CE 1B92 EE1F 2C0C E97E 581E 5E56 AAAF A75C BDA0
You can edit
~/.pinercdirectly (look for the
customized-hdrs=line) or configure from within pine (Setup > Config > Whereis >
Of course, the example GPG fingerprint and key-URL are mine, and you should substitute your own.
You use Pine as usual, so composing a new email is no different than before. The fun starts when you press <CTRL>-X to send it. Upon pressing <CTRL>-X instead of sending the message, Pine will ask which filter you want to use. You can choose 1 of 3 options (and cycle through them using <CTRL>-P and <CTRL>-N):
- Unfiltered; send email without using any cryptography.
- Encrypt the email (PinePG will also sign it by default).
- Clear-sign the email.
After entering your choice, the email is sent.
During your Pine session, the first time you have to use GPG to read or send a mail message, you will be prompted for your GPG passphrase. After that PinePG will securely remember your passphrase for the remainder of that session, so that you won't have to enter it again.
If you open any email that contains a GPG signed or encrypted message, the pinepg filter is automatically invoked. You are prompted for your GPG passphrase, so that the message can be decrypted. The caracters that you type, will not be displayed on the screen.
The output of GnuPG is displayed. It will show whether or not the encrypted text was successfully decrypted, if the GPG signature is valid if it was signed, and any other relevant information:
gpg: WARNING: using insecure memory! gpg: please see http://www.gnupg.org/faq.html for more information gpg: Signature made Fri Mar 17 03:19:07 2006 PST using DSA key ID A75CBDA0 gpg: Good signature from "Eric Hameleers <alien slackware.com>" gpg: aka "Eric Hameleers <alien sox.homeip.net>"
E to continue.
The decrypted message is displayed as a normal message.
- Note: The plaintext is not saved to the mailbox.
- Note: The above warning about insecure memory is caused by the fact that I am not running GPG as root, and the
/usr/bin/gpgbinary is not setuid root. If you're bothered by the warning, implement either one of these solutions:
chmod +s /usr/bin/gpg
to fix the use of insecure memory. or
- if you can't or don't want to install gpg setuid(root), then you can add the commandline parameter
to the gpg command, or put the line
in your configuration file
~/.gnupg/gpg.conf. This will disable the warning message.
Pine Privacy Guard does not handle PGP/Mime encrypted emails. I found a couple of links with possible solutions, but have not yet looked too deeply into these.